SCANNELLI, Francesco. Il Microcosmo delle pittura, overa trattato diviso in due libri. Cesena, Neri, 1657.
Large 4to., (19) ff., including half-title, engraved frontispiece, and title page, 394 pp., (1) f. Bound in half calf and marbled paper over boards, raised bands on spine with gilt title label; ownership inscription of Pierantonio Rosetti, 1814, on title. Frontispiece repaired, with fraying along the lower margin with minimal loss of printed surface. Internally, untrimmed and very genuine. Generally very good
$3,000 Scarce first edition of this 17th-century survey of Italian painting, and a valuable document for developing Baroque gusto by a cultivated amateur. Scannelli follows Mancini's tripartite division of Italian schools Roman, Venetian and Lombard, and in an age in which microcosms were everywhere, he compared the whole of Italian painting to a body, likening Corregio to the brain, Titian to the heart, Raphael to the liver (!), and Veronese to the organs of reproduction.
According to the Dictionary of Art, Il Microcosmo stands alongside the works of Mario Boschini (La carta del navegar pittoresco, Venice, 1660) and of Luigi Pellegrino Scaramuccia (Le finezze dei penelli italiani, Padua, 1674), both of whom quoted him. Scannelli's treatise represents a reaction against the notion, formulated by Giorgio Vasari, that the art of Florence was pre-eminent throughout Italy. He reevaluated the Lombard-Emilian school, led by Correggio, seeing in it an ideal synthesis of the finest achievements of the Venetian (Titian) and of the Roman-Tuscan (Raphael) schools... In taste, he showed classicist inclinations, modified by a liking for vivacity and naturalism, qualities well represented in the art of his ideal painter, Correggio (Franco Bernabei, DA XXVIII.33-34).
Little is known about the author, save that he was a priest and a physician, that he served at the court of Mantua until Francesco I d?Este died, and that he traveled to Milan, Rome and Venice.
* Besterman, Old Art Books, p. 93; Schlosser-Magnino p. 614 (rather harsh elsewhere); Cicognara 204; Hollis BAL 6360 (specifying frontispiece and 18 preliminaries); not in Berlin Katalog