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Natural History


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The Doges Of Venice
As Seen In Their Portraits In The Palazzo Ducale


BARDI, Girolamo. Dichiaratione di tutte le Istorie, che si sontengenono nei Quadri posti novamente nelle Sale dello Scrutinio, & del Gran Consiglio, del Palagio Ducale. Venice, F. Valgrigio, 1587.

First edition of this chronicle of Venetian history as seen through the paintings decorating the public rooms of the Palazzo Ducale after the fire of 1577 and a title of art-historical interest for its recording the arrangement of numerous famous Venetian paintings during the 16th century.
$1,000


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THE MOST INFLUENTIAL BOTANICAL TEXT
OF THE 16th CENTURY
“OF OUTSTANDING HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE” (DSB)
THE ANNOTATED COPY
OF JOACHIM CAMERARIUS THE YOUNGER


CESALPINO, Andrea. De Plantis ... . Florence, Giorgio Marescotti, 1583.

First edition of the foundational text of scientific botany and the first articulation of the modern concept of species. Cesalpino integrates plants previously known to Europe primarily as exotic luxuries (balsam, cumin, aloe, etc.) into his new system. E. L. Greene sees Cesalpino’s De Plantis as part of a wider reappraisal of flora happening in the 1580s among scientific communities of both East and West: He notes the quick popularity of Cesalpino’s new system and observes that “only three years later, in 1586, the Arabic physician Qāsim ibn-Muhammad al-Wazīr al Ghassānī wrote his Ḥadīquat al-azhār fī, sarḥ māhīyat al-‘ushb wa al-‘aq qār [Garden of flowers, or explanation of the characters of herbs and drugs], which contained the first Arabic classification of plants” (808; PMM 97).
$115,000


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FIRST ILLUSTRATED BOOK ON CHINESE MEDICINE
PUBLISHED IN THE WEST
A LANDMARK WORK ON ACUPUNCTURE
BOUND WITH A CURIOUS WORK
KNOWN TO CHARLES BABBAGE


CLEYER, Andreas, ed. Specimen medicinae sinicae... . Frankfurt, Johann Zubrodt, 1682.

Unusual sammelband of two rare 17th-century medical works. The first and only edition of Andreas de Cleyer’s Specimen medicinae sinicae is the first illustrated book on Chinese medicine published in the West. With 30 full-page engravings, it was the first European book on Chinese medicine to attract significant attention, and the first book to acquaint Europeans with Chinese medical charts. Bound second is he first edition of Johannes Valentin Merbitz’s De varietate faciei humanae is a curious work relating to physiognomy and combinatorics and was of interest to the computing pioneer Charles Babbage.
$28,000


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DARWIN IN RUSSIAN


DARWIN, Charles / KOVALSEVSKY, Vladimir (trans.). O Vyranzenii oscuscenij u celoveka i zivotnych [The Expression of the Emotions of Man and Animals]. St. Petersburg, Suscinskiy, 1872.

Rare first Russian edition – published only a month after the English original and here preserved in its original wrappers – of Charles Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions of Man and Animals (1872), a book renowned not only for its insight into the connection between human behavior and evolution, but also for its early use of photographic illustrations (heliotypes). Darwin exerted a special influence on Russian science, literature, and art, with The Expression of the Emotions of Man and Animals being especially revered by Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and exerting an influence on the nascent behaviorist movement (and by extension, even the dramatic system of Konstantin Stanislavsky [1863-1938]) (see A Vucinich, Darwin in Russian Thought).
$9,500


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MANUSCRIPT OF GALILEO’S ‘LETTER TO CHRISTINA’ WITH A STROZZI PROVENANCE


GALILEI, Galileo. [‘Letter to Christina’ Manuscript.]. Florence (Palazzo Strozzi), c. 1680.

A manuscript version (containing variants of the text) of Galileo’s celebrated ‘Letter to Christina’ of Lorraine (1565-1637), Grand Duchess of Tuscany, which was written in 1615 but not published until 1636 in Strasbourg. This work circulated widely in manuscript, and it was through manuscript copies such this one that some of Galileo’s most controversial ideas about Copernicanism and the relationship between Scripture and science were disseminated. The ‘Letter’ is a “superb manifesto of the freedom of thought. Its purpose was to silence all theological objections to Copernicus. Its result was the precise opposite: it became the principal cause of the prohibition of Copernicus, and of Galileo’s downfall” (Koestler). The volume carries a stamp of the Strozzi library and was recorded as parts of the Strozzi manuscript collection in a catalogue of 1728.
$40,000


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