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SANITATION IN ENLIGHTENMENT SPAIN
[SANITATION] OLIVIDE Y JAÚREGUI, Pablo Antonio de. Reglamento General de Limpieza de las calles por semanas de esta ciudad de Sevilla Dispuesto por el Señor Don Pablo de Olavide ... para desde 5. de Octubre de este año de 1767. Seville, Dr. D. Geronymo de Castilla, 1767.
4to [29.6 x 20.4 cm], (1) f., 10 pp., with woodcut royal arms on title page and woodcut initial. Bound in colored paper wrappers. Very minor wear to wrappers. Pencil annotations to title page, minor loss to upper corner not affecting legibility, otherwise very well preserved.
$950 Very rare document announcing new sanitation regulations in 18th-century Seville. These enlightenment, reformist solutions to one of Seville’s longstanding public health problems are the work of the writer, politician and lawyer Pablo de Olivide (1725-1803), who was appointed intendant and asistente of Seville in 1767, in the year of the document’s publication. Seville had long been notorious for its insalubrious cityscape: “The council engaged in seemingly endless battle to keep the city clean. Lacking modern sanitation systems, people discarded trash wherever they found convenient, often in the open spaces of plazas or in cemeteries. Like most other early modern cities, Seville suffered garbage-lined streets and clogged gutters, the result of indiscriminate dumping of garbage and waste. The problem was compounded to an extent by the constantly shifting and growing population in the city. Trash heaps, such as that known as the monte de malbaratillo, located rather prominently on the main walkway along the river, had accumulated from generations of careless disposal. The outskirts of the city were even worse, as the council maintained little control over the dumping there” (Bowers, p. 24).
Olivide here corrects some ill-conceived policies inherited from his predecessors, ensuring that garbage collection would be paid for promptly and regularly by both landlords and tenants. In 47 numbered paragraphs he outlines rules for the use and disposal of well and waste water, announces alterations of payment schedules (6 reales per year for trash collection), establishes various prohibitions relating to livestock and other domestic animals being kept and cleaned in the streets, and gives several quite specific rules treating special waste problems (e.g., the disposal of dead dogs, the removal of manure, prohibition of shoemakers working in the street, etc.).
OCLC locates only one U.S. copy of this work (Harvard).
* F. A. Piñal, Bibliografía de autores españoles del siglo XVIII, vol. 6, p. 118, no 805; S. Montado, Impresos sevillanos, p. 156; K. W. Bowers, Plague and Public Health in Early Modern Seville.
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