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THE VIRGIN OF ATOCHA
THE MOST MIRACULOUS PATRONESS OF MADRID
[VIRGIN OF ATOCHA] Concordia, y transaccion hecha entre el ilustrissimo, y reverendissimo señor Don Fray Alonso Bernardo de los Rios y Guzman …. Burgos?, n.p., 1679.
Folio, [28.5 x 19 cm], ], (1) f. title page, 14 ff., with engraving on title page. Disbound. Very minor handsoiling, a few leaves trimmed close at upper margin resulting in partial loss of printed folio numbers, manuscript foliation, contemporary annotations to final page. Generally very good.
$850 Very rare Spanish legal document concerning tithes certified between the Archbishop of Granada, Alonso Bernardo de los Rios y Guzman (served 1677-92), and the Prior of the Carthusian monastery of Granada. While the text offers a fascinating and surprisingly detailed account of this ecclesiastical suit and is especially rich in prosopographical material, the work is primarily of importance for its early copperplate engraving of the Virgin of Atocha depicted as the miraculous patroness of Madrid. The revered statue, a wooden carving now thought to date from the thirteenth century, is here depicted clothed in its golden, baroque regalia and crowned with radiating halos (for centuries the Virgin accrued the rich votive offerings of royal visitors). Housed in the Basilica de Neustra Señora de Atocha in Madrid, the Virgin was long especially favored by the kings and queens of Spain, and her presence on the title of this legal document functions as a manner of royal certification (the text ends with the printed approval of Carlos II, here simply “YO EL REY”).
OCLC and KVK locate only one copy of this text, that housed at the Universidad de Sevilla.
* Not in Palau; the present copy collates with the Seville copy
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