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Rare, Delicately Engraved World Map
ANDREAS, L. [Cologne, 1596]
Typus Orbis Terrarum . . .
7 ¾ x 11 ½ inches.
“Examples of Andreas’ world map are rarely offered for sale” (Shirley). Owing in large part to Ortelius’ adoption of it, Gerard Mercator’s 1569 map had become the dominant delineation of the world for the late 16th and much of the 17th century. This elegant engraving attributed to Lambert Andreas is a testament both to Mercator’s influence and Ortelius’ role in spreading it. Unlike Ortelius’ world map, however, Andreas here adopted a rectilinear format in imitation of the Mercator though of course not applying the projection of Mercator itself. (Ortelius’ map and its many imitators used Mercator’s geographical information but presented it on an oval projection, or on two hemispheres.)
The text of the map includes a quote from Cicero – “Who can consider human affairs to be great, when he comprehends the eternity and vastness of the entire world?” As apt as the quote may be in its own right, its presence here appears to be an oblique reference to Ortelius who included the quote on his 1570 world map.
The attribution of this map to Andreas is not unquestioned: it bears more than a passing similarity to Matthias Quad’s Typus Orbis Terrarum of the same year., both in style and in the texts included on the maps.