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A Fine World Map with Voyage Routes
SCHERER, Heinrich. [Munich, 1700]
Navigationes Praecipuae Europaeorum Ad Exteras Nationes.
8 ¾ x 13 ½ inches.
Fine hand color; excellent condition.
A richly engraved world map showing primarily the sailing routes from Europe to Asia, including a rather optimistic route to Japan via the Northeast Passage. It is possible that the routes shown on the map were those used by Jesuit missionaries. The unusually formatted map has Australia in the center. The galleons located in the corners of the map symbolize the voyages of the French to New France, the Dutch to the East Indies, the English to New England, and the Spanish to Mexico and Peru. As shown, Scherer portrays California as an island and other newly charted lands, such as Australia and New Zealand.
Scherer’s Atlas Novus consisted of eight volumes and 187 plates and is considered innovative in terms of its combination of highly decorative Catholic iconography and largely accurate cartography. The eight volumes were published between 1702 and 1710. Scherer held various positions in the field of education from Professor of Hebrew and Mathematics at the University of Dillingen to the official house tutor of the Royal Princes of Mantua and Bavaria. Scherer, a Jesuit, charted the revival and spread of the Catholic faith in the late 16th and 17th century. Each map is richly adorned with cartouches that consist of celestial beings, sea monsters, and even ships bearing Jesuit priests sailing to their various destinations around the world. California is consistently portrayed as an island on each of the maps.