Martayan Lan Search






To Order or Inquire:
Telephone:
(800) 423-3741
or (212) 308-0018
Fax: (212) 308-0074
E-mail: info@martayanlan.com

70 East 55th Street, (Heron Tower)
New York, New York 10022


All items guaranteed original and published at the time indicated. We do not deal in reproductions. Certificates of Authenticity available for all purchases.

Table of Contents



Mouse over picture for zoom. (This may take a few seconds.)
Click here to view the larger image in a new window.



Rare First Issue of the Best Ptolemaic Map of the East Caspian Region

Kazachstan/ Uzbekistan/ Turkmenistan. MERCATOR, G./ PTOLEMY, C. [Brussels, 1578]
Asiae VII Tab:. 13 ½ x 18 inches
Fine hand color; excellent condition.

   $950


A beautiful example of a map of the region east of the Caspian Sea in the rare first issue of Mercator’s definitive edition of Ptolemy’s geography. A Silk Road caravan illustrates the southeast portion of the map, while sheep and cattle herders are depicted in the northeast section of it. Meeting in this map are two of the most important figures in the history of geography. Geographic data and mapmaking instructions left by the Alexandrian, Claudius Ptolemy (fl. A.D. 127-180), became the foundation of mapmaking as we know it today. And it was Gerard Mercator (1512-1594), the great Flemish geographer, whose edition of Ptolemy was considered the most accurate. In particular, Mercator’s maps conformed more closely to Ptolemy’s original design than any of the several earlier editions. Mercator’s became the standard text, with many editions following this one as late as the 18th century.
Mercator in 1540 published Literarum latinarum, the first instructional handbook in the use of the italic hand to appear outside of Italy. It was also the first work to offer instruction in the use of italic script in the engraving of maps. The maps in Mercator’s Ptolemy are arguably the finest demonstrations Mercator provided in the use of italics. Moreover, “the beauty and legibility of the best sixteenth and severteenth-century Dutch maps can be traced in large measure to Mercator’s influence” (Karrow, p. 382).


Karrow, R. Mapmakers in the Sixteenth Century, pp. 376-406.

Table of Contents


Back to Russia & Former Soviet Union

Back to the Top