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The Mughal Empire
India/ Afghanistan/ Mughal Empire.
THEVENOT, M. [Paris, 1663]
Description de la partie des Indes orientales qu est sous la domination du grand Mogol.
10 3/4 x 14 inches.
Very scarce map of the Mughal or Mogul Empire that controlled at its height much of India and Afghanistan from early in the 16th century; it gradually dwindled until its final defeat by the British in 1857. Its leadership was Muslim, though its origins were in central Asia and its culture Persianate. Agra, site of the Tap Mahal, occupies the approximate center of the map.
The map was based in part from William Baffin's map of 1619 that drew upon Sir Thomas Roe's travels as ambassador to the Mughal court. The map is handsomely engraved, show several Indian cities as well as the tree-lined road between Lahor and Agra (near Delhi). The crest of the Mughal Emperor consisting of two rings is shown in the top right corner. The top ring encloses a lion facing the east, which partially obscures a blazing sun. The ring below encloses the Mogul dynastic genealogy.