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A Foundation Map of the Carolinas
In a Superb Example
Carolinas/ American Revolution.
MOUZON, H./ LE ROUGE, G. L. [Paris, 1777]
An Accurate Map Of North And South Carolina With Their Indian Frontiers . . . .
20 x 54 ¼ inches
On four sheets, joined to form two, each 20 x 54 ¼ inches. Original outline color; a few filled wormholes, else mint condition.
The rare French edition of a map of fundamental importance that drew together all of the colonial cartography of the Carolinas to provide the earliest, generally accurate map of the area. As Cumming states, Mouzon's "was the chief type-map for the region during the forty or fifty years following its publication. It was used by both British and American forces during the Revolutionary War.” Evidence of it use by French forces as well is Le Rouge’s important and beautifully engraved French edition of the map. Published a year before the French joined the American cause, Le Rouge’s edition differed from the English by including material relating to the war, notably two insets concerning the attack on Fort Sullivan in Charlestown Harbor. Also, this map was arguably the most finely executed of Le Rouge’s many re-engravings of English map and charts of the Americas.
Georges-Louis Le Rouge (c. 1712-c. 1790) was in fact the most prolific publisher of maps and charts of North America during the period of the American Revolution. He published both an atlas of charts, in which the present work appeared—the Naptune Americo-Septentrional—and the Atlas Ameriquain Septentrional, also in 1778, described as “the best collection of French maps for North America during the Revolutionary War” (Cobb, Krieger). A former German military officer, Le Rouge established a successful map business in Paris and attained the title of “Ingenieur Geographe du Roi.”
The handsomely engraved map includes an abundance of historically valuable detail such as early roads and Indian trails, the locations of Indian tribes, churches, forts, the boundary lines between the colonies as well as between counties, and topographic detail. There are also inset maps of Port Royal and Charleston.
Cf. Cumming 450, pp. 256-58, 59-61; cf. Schwartz/ Ehrenberg, p. 182, pl. 115 (pp. 186-87); cf. Tooley, Mapping of America, p. 59, no. 11a.